International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues The Effect of Earnings Recognition on Firm-Specific Information Variation

Ji-Hye Park, Joong-Seok Cho
2016 International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues |   unpublished
We examine the relation between earnings recognition practices and firms' information environment. Using a sample of U.S. firms over the period 2000-2012, we investigate how earnings timeliness (ETL) and smoothness affect firm information environment. To measure firms' information environment, we adopt stock return synchronicity. The timeliness of earnings recognition measures the extent to which current earnings reflect value-relevant information into stock prices. As managers use earnings
more » ... rs use earnings smoothing as a vehicle to reveal their private information, we expect earnings smoothing improves earnings informativeness and enables the market to incorporate more firm-specific information. Our study shows that as ETL increases, the market incorporates more firm-specific information into stock prices. In addition, as a firm's earnings become more volatile (less smooth), such a firm's stock return reflects more market-wide variation relative to firm-specific information.