A method of mobile base station placement for High Altitude Platform based network with geographical clustering of mobile ground nodes
International Multiconference on Computer Science and Information Technology
High altitude platforms (HAPs) such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) which can be deployed as stratospheric infrastructures enable a sort of new configurations of wireless networks. Ground nodes must be clustered in multiple sets and one dedicated UAV is assigned to each set and act as an mobile base station (MBS). For the intra-set nodes, UAVs must communicate each other in order to establish network links among intra-set nodes. Here we find a geographical clustering problem of networking
... em of networking nodes and a placement problem of MBSs. The clustering technique of mobile ground nodes can identify the geographical location of MBSs as well as the coverage of MBSs. In this paper we proposed a clustering mechanism to build such a configuration and the effectiveness of this solution is demonstrated by simulation. For a selected region with a relatively big island, we modeled mobile ground nodes and showed the result of dynamic placement of MBSs by our clustering algorithm. The final results will be shown graphically with the mobility of ground nodes as well as the placement of MBSs. Keywords-clustering geographical, clustering of mobile ground nodes, HAP based network, high altitude platforms, MBS placement, mobile base stations.