Diseases of the Island of Barbados

J. B. S. Jackson
1867 Boston Medical and Surgical Journal  
In a recent visit that I made to tho Island, I saw and heard something of the diseases that prevail there, and have thought that tho Society might like to hear such a general account of them as I am able to give. Barbadoes is an English island, about 21 by 14 miles in extent, and may bo regarded as ono great sugar plantation. The central portion is almost mountainous, though the highest point of land is only about 1150 feet above the level of tho sea. Otherwise the faco of the country is not
more » ... e country is not remarkable, and I did not see or hear of any part that was marshy. Tho southern half of the island, which I saw quite thoroughly, is a limestone region; and the roads are often, and to a considerable extent, cut through rocks that contain great numbers of corals. Towards the centre this formation disappears, and the rocks have a somewhat igneous appearance. The temperature varies not much from 80°d uring the year ; but as the island is the furthest to the windward of any one of the Windward Islands, it has the full benefit of the trade winds, and is comparatively cool. During my stay there of five days, from tho 16th of May, the weather was often spoken of as very warm ; but, though the thermometer was generally observed three times a day, and was found to range from 71°-86°, in the cabin of our vessel that lay about a mile from the shore, the heat did not seem to me oppressive as compared to that of our own midsummer; and in tho shade, and especially in the houses, I should have called it very comlorlablo weather for July or August-so cool and refreshing was the breeze that constantly prevailed. A hygrodeik that was also on board, varied from 69°to 90°; the average in this city during the month of May being 56i°, as observed at 8, A.M., and at noon, by Mr. 0. A. Siefcrt, manufacturer of thermometers, Ac.
doi:10.1056/nejm186707040762201 fatcat:zwlgwbl2wzdmddem2btjsbq2cu