A 38-year demographic study of central and peripheral giant cell granulomas of the jaws

Shadi Saghafi, Reza Zare-Mahmoodabadi, Narges Ghazi, Mohammad Zargari
2016 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science  
<p><strong>Objective</strong>: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the demographic characteristics of patients with central giant cell granulomas (CGCGs) and peripheral giant cell granulomas (PGCGs) in Iranian population.</p><p><strong>Methods</strong>: The data were obtained from records of 1019 patients with CGCG and PGCG of the jaws referred to our department between 1972 and 2010. This 38-year retrospective study was based on existing data. Information regarding age
more » ... ribution, gender, location of the lesion and clinical signs and symptoms was documented. <strong></strong></p><p><strong>Results</strong>: A total of 1019 patients were affected GCGLs including 435 CGCGs and 584 PGCGs during the study. The mean age was 28.91 ± 18.16. PGCGs and CGCGs had a peak of occurrence in the first and second decade of life respectively. A female predominance was shown in CGCG cases (57.70%), whereas PGCGs were more frequent in males (50.85%). Five hundred and ninety-eight cases of all giant cell lesions (58.7 %) occurred in the mandible. Posterior mandible was the most frequent site for both CGCG and PGCG cases. The second most common site for PGCG was posterior maxilla (21%), whereas anterior mandible was involved in CGCG (19.45%). The majority of patients were asymptomatic. <strong></strong></p><p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: In contrast to most of previous studies PGCGs occur more common in the first decade and also more frequently in male patients. Although the CGCGs share some histopathologic similarities with PGCGs, differences in demographic features may be observed in different populations which may help in the diagnosis and management of these lesions.</p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.15(2) 2016 p.220-223
doi:10.3329/bjms.v15i2.21474 fatcat:r5wkusxwnndunjg3apxehizfa4