Adjoint based aerodynamic optimization of supersonic biplane airfoils

Rui Hu, Antony Jameson, Qiqi Wang
2011 49th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition   unpublished
This paper addresses the aerodynamic performance of Busemann type supersonic biplane at off-design conditions. An adjoint based optimization technique is used to optimize the aerodynamic shape of the biplane to reduce the wave drag at a series of Mach numbers ranging from 1.1 to 1.7, at both acceleration and deceleration conditions. The optimized biplane airfoils dramatically reduces the effects of the choked flow and flow-hysteresis phenomena, while maintaining a certain degree of favorable
more » ... ree of favorable shockwave interaction effects at the design Mach number. Compared to a diamond shaped single airfoil of the same total thickness, the wave drag of our optimized biplane is lower at almost all Mach numbers, and is significantly lower at the design Mach number.
doi:10.2514/6.2011-1248 fatcat:vob2ol5h3bgxtnhd554ufbyhju