Mechanisms involved in the antiplatelet effect of C-phycocyanin

Hui-Fen Chiu, Shih-Ping Yang, Yu-Ling Kuo, Yuan-Shu Lai, Tz-Chong Chou
2006 British Journal of Nutrition  
C-phycocyanin (cpc), a biliprotein isolated from Spirulina platensis, has been reported to exert many therapeutic and nutritional values. In the present study, we examined whether cpc has an antiplatelet activity in vitro and further investigated the possible anti-aggregatory mechanisms involved. Our results showed that preincubation of cpc (1 -50 mg/ml) with rabbit washed platelets dose-dependently inhibited the platelet aggregation induced by collagen (10 mg/ml) or arachidonic acid (100 mM),
more » ... ith an IC 50 of about 10 mg/ml. Furthermore, the thromboxane B 2 formation caused by collagen or arachidonic acid was significantly inhibited by cpc due to suppression of cyclooxygenase and thromboxane synthase activity. Similarly, the rise of platelet intracellular calcium level stimulated by arachidonic acid and collagen-induced platelet membrane surface glycoprotein IIb/IIIa expression were also attenuated by cpc. In addition, cpc itself significantly increased the platelet membrane fluidity and the cyclic AMP level through inhibiting cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity. These findings strongly demonstrate that cpc is an inhibitor of platelet aggregation, which may be associated with mechanisms including inhibition of thromboxane A 2 formation, intracellular calcium mobilization and platelet surface glycoprotein IIb/IIIa expression accompanied by increasing cyclic AMP formation and platelet membrane fluidity. C-phycocyanin: Platelet aggregation: Thromboxane B 2 : Cyclic AMP * Corresponding author: Dr Tz-Chong Chou, fax þ886 2 8792 7202, email
doi:10.1079/bjn20051643 pmid:16469164 fatcat:uypgh52jwfbpdfyuar2mz7s7d4