Data quality assessment of time-varying terrestrial gravity observation in South China

YANG Jinling, CHEN Shi, WANG Linhai, LU Hongyan, LI Honglei, ZHANG Bei
2021 Acta Geodaetica et Cartographica Sinica  
The terrestrial time-varying microgravity observation can be used to study the crustal mass transfer. The uncertainty of the gravity instrument is an important factor that can easily affect the data quality of gravity observations. In this paper, we focus on the time-varying gravity dataset from 2015 to 2018 in South China. Based on Bayesian analysis method, we quantify the related uncertainty sources of the gravity instruments, including the nonlinear drift of relative gravimeter and the
more » ... of scale factor of gravimeter. Furthermore, the cross-validation of the absolute gravity in-situ observation in network is applied to assess the gravity data results using this new approach. The results show that the uncertainty caused by the scale factor is larger than that caused by nonlinear drift for the relative gravimeters used in the South China survey network. The magnitude can reach up to 20×10-8 m/s2 for gravity change. Nevertheless, this uncertainty can be effectively reduced by means of the Bayesian method and absolute gravity datum control. This study can be used to assess the data quality of terrestrial gravity observation, to understand the causes of gravity change, and analysis the great earthquake preparation and mass transfer, etc.
doi:10.11947/j.agcs.2021.20200386 doaj:0a46bf3eca1d45a881c96538588d4aaf fatcat:3vlzxfwmyfe43osuj4cobgywyy