MHD Simulations of the Eruption of Coronal Flux Ropes under Coronal Streamers

Yuhong Fan
2017 Astrophysical Journal  
Using three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations, we investigate the eruption of coronal flux ropes underlying coronal streamers and the development of a prominence eruption. We initialize a quasi-steady solution of a coronal helmet streamer, into which we impose at the lower boundary the slow emergence of a part of a twisted magnetic torus. As a result a quasi-equilibrium flux rope is built up under the streamer. With varying sizes of the streamer and the different length and
more » ... ent length and total twist of the emerged flux rope, we found different scenarios for the evolution from quasi-equilibrium to eruption. In the cases with a broad streamer, the flux rope remains well confined until there is sufficient twist such that it first develops the kink instability and evolves through a sequence of kinked, confined states with increasing height until it eventually develops a "hernia-like" ejective eruption. For the significantly twisted flux ropes, prominence condensations form in the dips of the twisted field lines due to run-away radiative cooling. Once formed, the prominence carrying field becomes significantly non-force-free due to the prominence weight despite being low plasma $\beta$. As the flux rope erupts, we obtain the eruption of the prominence, which shows substantial draining along the legs of the erupting flux rope. The prominence may not show a kinked morphology even though the flux rope becomes kinked. On the other hand, in the case with a narrow streamer, the flux rope with less than 1 wind of twist can erupt via the onset of the torus instability.
doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa7a56 fatcat:26coyl6tybgi7cmhy37lgqd7bi