Thin NaCl films on silver (001): island growth and work function

Gregory Cabailh, Claude R Henry, Clemens Barth
2012 New Journal of Physics  
The surface work function (WF) and substrate temperature dependence of the NaCl thin-film growth on Ag(001) have been studied by noncontact atomic force microscopy and Kelvin probe force microscopy. In the sub-monolayer range, the NaCl film is composed of large crystalline islands, which decrease in density and increase in size with increasing temperature during deposition. Each island is composed of a large base island 2 monolayers (ML) thick (for T > 343 K), which collects impinging NaCl
more » ... ules that form adislands on top. Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) measurements show a reduction of the silver WF by ϕ = ϕ Ag − ϕ NaCl/Ag = 0.69 ± 0.03 eV with no dependence on the film thickness (1-6 ML), in agreement with recent theoretical calculations. The previously observed nanometer-sized moiré pattern on islands that are 45 • rotated with respect to the silver lattice could be observed in the scanning tunneling microscopy mode. However, no contrast could be obtained in KPFM images.
doi:10.1088/1367-2630/14/10/103037 fatcat:7dzrotafgzedbpvl5rhgqg2s2y