Detecting trends of stratospheric ozone and tropospheric water vapour at mid-latitudes using measurements from multiple techniques

Leonie Bernet
<span title="2021-01-12">2021</span>
This thesis investigates and quantifies changes in stratospheric ozone and tropospheric water vapour at mid-latitudes since the mid-1990s. Recent studies have shown that estimates of such changes from various ground-based measurement techniques are not always consistent. A possible reason for these differences may be inhomogeneities in the data. Data inhomogeneities arise from modifications in the instrument setup, measurement failures, problems or adjustments in the calibration and retrieval
more &raquo; ... ocedures, or from temporal sampling biases. To explain differences in observed changes, data inhomogeneities have first to be identified by intercomparing various datasets. In a second step, the inhomogeneities can be considered in the trend estimation to obtain optimal estimates of the true changes. This thesis aims to obtain more consistent trend estimates of stratospheric ozone profiles and tropospheric water vapour at mid-latitudes. For this purpose, we compared ozone and integrated water vapour (IWV) time series from various measurement techniques. The observations were intercompared to identify anomalies, biases, and inhomogeneities in the data. Trends in recent decades were then estimated by considering these irregularities in the trend estimation. To this end, two advanced trend analysis methods were tested and applied on the data. The trend models use the full error covariance matrix of the observations, which can be adapted to account for data correlations and inhomogeneities. We used stratospheric ozone observations measured by ground-based microwave radiometers, lidars, and ozonesondes, as well as satellite and reanalysis model data.We found good agreement between various ozone datasets. However, we also identified some anomalies and inhomogeneities in the ozone data and showed that they affect the trend estimates. Stratospheric ozone trend profiles are presented for northern (central Europe) and southern mid-latitudes (New Zealand). In both hemispheres, we observe a recovery in ozone concentrations in th [...]
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