Transitions in paternal dominance regulate offspring growth and metabolic transcription [article]

Joseph W. Cauceglia, Adam C. Nelson, Nimrod D. Rubinstein, Shweta Kukreja, Lynsey N Sasso, John A. Beaufort, Oliver J. Rando, Wayne K Potts
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
ABSTRACTParental effects are an important source of adaptive traits. By contrast, parental effects failing to regulate offspring phenotype to fit current conditions could be deleterious. Although adaptive parental responses to single cues have been identified, we lack an understanding of the reversibility of parental effects across breeding cycles in a fluctuating environment. Social status of parents can occasionally fluctuate and, in turn, influence high-fitness pathways available to
more » ... . We show that social competition status results in robust parental effects on growth in mice. Dominant males produce faster growing offspring because of status related cues, not genetic associations. The timing, effect-size, and sex-specificity of this paternal effect are modulated by maternal experience. We experimentally demonstrate that status-ascending males produce heavier sons than before, and status-descending males produce lighter sons than before. Paternal status predicts genome-wide transcription in the liver, including transcriptional networks controlling xenobiotic and fatty acid metabolism, and oxidative phosphorylation. Our study demonstrates that paternal social status reversibly conditions offspring growth in naturalistic environments.
doi:10.1101/443317 fatcat:xft3pmbnnrb3td7lx464pbnezm