CRS theory based on a data-driven homeomorphism

Ernesto Bonomi
2017 Journal of Geophysics and Engineering  
A new fracture detection method based on full-azimuth anisotropic migration and shaping regularization Kai Xu and Zandong Sun -An asymptotic inverse to the Kirchhoff-Helmholtz integral M Tygel, J Schleicher, L T Santos et al. -This content was downloaded from IP address on 26/07Abstract The present article outlines an innovative derivation of the well-known CRS traveltime formula. This is made possible by approximating the isochrones tangent to a small reflecting element embedded
more » ... ng element embedded in a 3D homogeneous auxiliary medium. The arising paraxial traveltime formula is then parametrised by six attributes, each one characterising geometrically the wavefront of the reference normal-incident ray at the emergence point x 0 of the datum plane. For a layered medium, the assignment of the six attributes for each azimuthal direction around x 0 describes locally the emerging wavefront and establishes the mapping between reflecting elements of the two media, the auxiliary and the real, which respond, however, with different traveltimes. This 3D homeomorphism provides the time correction that gives rise to the CRS traveltime formula with eight attributes. For time imaging applications, the traveltime profile must be numerically shaped by improving iteratively the value of the eight attributes, so as to intercept, without the need of a velocity model, the largest number of coherent data in the volume of seismic traces gathered in the midpoint-offset domain.
doi:10.1088/1742-2140/aa61d8 fatcat:3od5f55c7ffi3i77jatkw7mghy