Yuelu Duan, Abdullah Muzahid, Josep Torrellas
2013 SIGARCH Computer Architecture News  
Although fences are designed for low-overhead concurrency coordination, they can be expensive in current machines. If fences were largely free, faster fine-grained concurrent algorithms could be devised, and compilers could guarantee Sequential Consistency (SC) at little cost. In this paper, we present WeeFence (or WFence for short), a fence that is very cheap because it allows post-fence accesses to skip it. Such accesses can typically complete and retire before the pre-fence writes have
more » ... d from the write buffer. Only when an incorrect reodering of accesses is about to happen, does the hardware stall to prevent it. In the paper, we present the WFence design for TSO, and compare it to a conventional fence with speculation for 8-processor multicore simulations. We run parallel kernels that contain explicit fences and parallel applications that do not. For the kernels, WFence eliminates nearly all of the fence stall, reducing the kernels' execution time by an average of 10%. For the applications, a conservative compiler algorithm places fences in the code to guarantee SC. In this case, on average, WFences reduce the resulting fence overhead from XXX% of the applications' execution time to 2% (in a centralized WFence design), or from 36% to 5% (in a distributed WFence design).
doi:10.1145/2508148.2485941 fatcat:r7ifvoafhvcbnm23r27agixnte