Quantitative Structure–Activity Relationships for the Flavonoid-Mediated Inhibition of P-Glycoprotein in KB/MDR1 Cells

Mengmeng Xia, Yajing Fang, Weiwei Cao, Fuqiang Liang, Siyi Pan, Xiaoyun Xu
2019 Molecules  
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) serves as a therapeutic target for the development of inhibitors to overcome multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells. In order to enhance the uptake of chemotherapy drugs, larger amounts of P-gp inhibitors are required. Besides several chemically synthesized P-gp inhibitors, flavonoids as P-gp inhibitors are being investigated, with their advantages including abundance in our daily diet and a low toxicity. The cytotoxicity of daunorubicin (as a substrate of P-gp) to
more » ... DR1 cells and the parental KB cells was measured in the presence or absence of flavonoids. A two-dimensional quantitative structure–activity relationship (2D-QSAR) model was built with a high cross-validation coefficient (Q2) value of 0.829. Descriptors including vsurf_DW23, E_sol, Dipole and vsurf_G were determined to be related to the inhibitory activity of flavonoids. The lack of 2,3-double bond, 3′-OH, 4′-OH and the increased number of methoxylated substitutions were shown to be beneficial for the inhibition of P-gp. These results are important for the screening of flavonoids for inhibitory activity on P-gp.
doi:10.3390/molecules24091661 fatcat:ollm6ahsxzbxbcw73dpy7xsuoa