Using deep learning to predict temporomandibular joint disc perforation based on magnetic resonance imaging

Jae-Young Kim, Dongwook Kim, Kug Jin Jeon, Hwiyoung Kim, Jong-Ki Huh
2021 Scientific Reports  
AbstractThe goal of this study was to develop a deep learning-based algorithm to predict temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc perforation based on the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to validate its performance through comparison with previously reported results. The study objects were obtained by reviewing medical records from January 2005 to June 2018. 299 joints from 289 patients were divided into perforated and non-perforated groups based on the existence of disc perforation
more » ... onfirmed during surgery. Experienced observers interpreted the TMJ MRI images to extract features. Data containing those features were applied to build and validate prediction models using random forest and multilayer perceptron (MLP) techniques, the latter using the Keras framework, a recent deep learning architecture. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was used to compare the performances of the models. MLP produced the best performance (AUC 0.940), followed by random forest (AUC 0.918) and disc shape alone (AUC 0.791). The MLP and random forest were also superior to previously reported results using MRI (AUC 0.808) and MRI-based nomogram (AUC 0.889). Implementing deep learning showed superior performance in predicting disc perforation in TMJ compared to conventional methods and previous reports.
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-86115-3 pmid:33758266 fatcat:f5wqh3gf3rh7plbph2myfdwt4a