Computational methods and rural cultural & natural heritage: A review

Francisco Barrientos, John Martin, Claudia De Luca, Simona Tondelli, Jaime Gómez-García-Bermejo, Eduardo Zalama Casanova
2021 Journal of Cultural Heritage  
Cultural and Natural Heritage (CNH) are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration, according to the UNESCO definition. Rural areas represent outstanding examples of cultural, either tangible or intangible, and natural heritage. While rural areas are facing a socio-economic and demographic crisis all over the world, CNH need not only to be safeguarded, but also promoted as a driver for competitiveness, growth and sustainable and inclusive development. This paper goes deeper into the
more » ... y of computational methods (CMs) applied to modelling CNH in rural areas by looking at how computational methods can support CNH promotion and valorisation to transform rural areas into laboratories for the demonstration of sustainable development through improving the unique potential of their heritage. To this end, different com putational methods have been studied and classified according to their scope and application area parameters, showing some correlation among the said parameters and the class of computational method. Apart from how CMs have been applied, wehether it is possible to scale up these CMs elsewhere has also been considered. are not available, and computational models can be used to make predictions of the system's behaviour under different conditions. As defined by [3] , computational methods are mathematical models used to numerically study the behaviour of complex systems by means of a computer simulation. Depending on the scope, models can be predictive or descriptive. The former focus mainly on precision and its key aspects are simplicity and interpretability [4] , while the latter focus more on pattern recognition among datasets, providing knowledge on a specific problem [5] . According to the UNESCO definition [6] 'the culture cycle captures all of the different phases of the creation, production, and dissemination of culture'. The term culture cycle suggests interconnections across these activities, including the feedback processes by which activities (consumption) inspire the creation of new cultural products and artefacts. Most of the activities related to CNH occur in the phases 'Dissemination', 'Exhibition and Transmission' and 'Consumption/Participation', highlighted in Fig. 1 . Particularly relevant for rural heritage is the ICOMOS-IFLA Principles concerning rural landscapes as heritage [7] . This defines the principles of actions to ensure the understanding, protection, sushttps://doi.
doi:10.1016/j.culher.2021.03.009 fatcat:5w4iww2mfje23ij5wa7sjprdym