Simple forcing notions and forcing axioms

Andrzej Rosłanowski, Saharon Shelah
1997 Journal of Symbolic Logic (JSL)  
In the present paper we are interested in simple forcing notions and Forcing Axioms. A starting point for our investigations was the article [4] in which several problems were posed. We answer some of those problems here. In the first section we deal with the problem of adding Cohen reals by simple forcing notions. Here we interpret simple as of small size. We try to establish as weak as possible versions of Martin Axiom sufficient to conclude that some forcing notions of size less than the
more » ... e less than the continuum add a Cohen real. For example we show that MA(σ-centered) is enough to cause that every small σ-linked forcing notion adds a Cohen real (see Theorem 1.2) and MA(Cohen) implies that every small forcing notion adding an unbounded real adds a Cohen real (see Theorem 1.6). A new almost ω ω -bounding σ-centered forcing notion ℚ⊚ appears naturally here. This forcing notion is responsible for adding unbounded reals in this sense, that MA(ℚ⊚) implies that every small forcing notion adding a new real adds an unbounded real (see Theorem 1.13). In the second section we are interested in Anti-Martin Axioms for simple forcing notions. Here we interpret simple as nicely definable. Our aim is to show the consistency of AMA for as large as possible class of ccc forcing notions with large continuum. It has been known that AMA(ccc) implies CH, but it has been (rightly) expected that restrictions to regular (simple) forcing notions might help.
doi:10.2307/2275644 fatcat:vr4g3jnktrfuhhnr6nq3xaxfim