Gene expression rearrangements denoting changes in the biological state

Augusto Gonzalez, Joan Nieves, Dario A. Leon, Maria Luisa Bringas Vega, Pedro Valdes Sosa
2021 Scientific Reports  
AbstractIn many situations, the gene expression signature is a unique marker of the biological state. We study the modification of the gene expression distribution function when the biological state of a system experiences a change. This change may be the result of a selective pressure, as in the Long Term Evolution Experiment with E. Coli populations, or the progression to Alzheimer disease in aged brains, or the progression from a normal tissue to the cancer state. The first two cases seem to
more » ... belong to a class of transitions, where the initial and final states are relatively close to each other, and the distribution function for the differential expressions is short ranged, with a tail of only a few dozens of strongly varying genes. In the latter case, cancer, the initial and final states are far apart and separated by a low-fitness barrier. The distribution function shows a very heavy tail, with thousands of silenced and over-expressed genes. We characterize the biological states by means of their principal component representations, and the expression distribution functions by their maximal and minimal differential expression values and the exponents of the Pareto laws describing the tails.
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-87764-0 pmid:33875699 fatcat:np2paqa765dipc2wsol6tk7lty