Mutations Affecting Expression of the rosy Locus in Drosophila melanogaster

Chong Sung Lee, Daniel Curtis, Margaret McCarron, Carol Love, Mark Gray, Welcome Bender, Arthur Chovnick
1987 Genetics  
The rosy locus in Drosophila melanogaster codes for the enzyme xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH). Previous studies defined a "control element" near the 5′ end of the gene, where variant sites affected the amount of rosy mRNA and protein produced. We have determined the DNA sequence of this region from both genomic and cDNA clones, and from the ry +10 underproducer strain. This variant strain had many sequence differences, so that the site of the regulatory change could not be fixed. A mutagenesis
more » ... also undertaken to isolate new regulatory mutations. We induced 376 new mutations with 1-ethyl-1-nitrosourea (ENU) and screened them to isolate those that reduced the amount of XDH protein produced, but did not change the properties of the enzyme. Genetic mapping was used to find mutations located near the 5′ end of the gene. DNA from each of seven mutants was cloned and sequenced through the 5′ region. Mutant base changes were identified in all seven; they appear to affect splicing and translation of the rosy mRNA. In a related study (T. P. Keith et al. 1987), the genomic and cDNA sequences are extended through the 3′ end of the gene; the combined sequences define the processing pattern of the rosy transcript and predict the amino acid sequence of XDH.
doi:10.1093/genetics/116.1.55 fatcat:vdbqnoumnncbjhkrwcs7v25axu