The Maximum k-Differential Coloring Problem [article]

Michael Bekos, Stephen Kobourov, Michael Kaufmann, Sankar Veeramoni
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Given an n-vertex graph G and two positive integers d,k ∈N, the (d,kn)-differential coloring problem asks for a coloring of the vertices of G (if one exists) with distinct numbers from 1 to kn (treated as colors), such that the minimum difference between the two colors of any adjacent vertices is at least d. While it was known that the problem of determining whether a general graph is (2,n)-differential colorable is NP-complete, our main contribution is a complete characterization of bipartite,
more » ... planar and outerplanar graphs that admit (2,kn)-differential colorings. For practical reasons, we consider also color ranges larger than n, i.e., k > 1. We show that it is NP-complete to determine whether a graph admits a (3,2n)-differential coloring. The same negative result holds for the ( 2n/3 , 2n-differential coloring problem, even in the case where the input graph is planar.
arXiv:1409.8133v2 fatcat:qxnv4t6qqfbznj3rsvwzolb3k4