Combining GF-2 and Sentinel-2 Images to Detect Tree Mortality Caused by Red Turpentine Beetle during the Early Outbreak Stage in North China

Zhan, Yu, Li, Ren, Gao, Wang, Luo
2020 Forests  
In recent years, the red turpentine beetle (RTB) (Dendroctonus valens LeConte) has invaded the northern regions of China. Due to the short invasion time, the outbreak of tree mortality corresponded to a low level of damage. Important information about tree mortality, provided by remote sensing at both single-tree and forest stand scale, is needed in forest management at the early stages of outbreak. In order to detect RTB-induced tree mortality at a single-tree scale, we evaluated the
more » ... tion accuracies of Gaofen-2 (GF2) imagery at different spatial resolutions (1 and 4 m) using a pixel-based method. We also simultaneously applied an object-based method to 1 m pan-sharpened images. We used Sentinel-2 (S2) imagery with different resolutions (10 and 20 m) to detect RTB-induced tree mortality and compared their classification accuracies at a larger scale—the stand scale. Three kinds of machine learning algorithms—the classification and regression tree (CART), the random forest (RF), and the support vector machine (SVM)—were applied and compared in this study. The results showed that 1 m resolution GF2 images had the highest classification accuracy using the pixel-based method and SVM algorithm (overall accuracy = 77.7%). We found that the classification of three degrees of damage percentage within the S2 pixel (0%, <15%, and 15% < x < 50%) was not successful at a forest stand scale. However, 10 m resolution S2 images could acquire effective binary classification (<15%: overall accuracy = 74.9%; 15% < x < 50%: overall accuracy = 81.0%). Our results indicated that identifying tree mortality caused by RTB at a single-tree and forest stand scale was accomplished with the combination of GF2 and S2 images. Our results are very useful for the future exploration of the patterns of spatial and temporal changes in insect pest transmission at different spatial scales.
doi:10.3390/f11020172 fatcat:mrya2ohe7fdrhljudmnsnrsyqi