Evaluating the Scale of the Second Wave of Taiwan High School Graduates Brain Drain Initiative

Ying-Lung Liu, Jih-Shine Chou
2020 International Journal of Humanities and Social Science  
Taiwan first wave brain drain of college graduates occurred during from 1962 to 1967, their had 51,218 individuals went abroad to United State from Taiwan . Under long-term economic stagnation and China 31 incentive dual effects , the second wave brain drain of high school graduates in Taiwan initiative after 2018 spring. This study aims to evaluate the scale of Taiwan high school graduates' perspectives of brain drain . With the push and pull theory to validate graduates' aspiration of brain
more » ... piration of brain drain , and using exploratory factors analysis to construct factors structure , this scale could effectively provide self-assessment for those high school graduates who are interested in studying abroad. We also create a Brain Drain Ratio(BDR) to validate the extent of graduates' brain drain . By open-ended survey data showed that China has become the second priority of brain drain destination for Taiwanese high school graduates from 2018 . 126 The Theory Framework Classic approach to the migration is push-pull theory. This theory proposed by Ernest Ravenstein who analyzed internal migration in England during 1870s 4 . Ravenstein believed that pull factors play a more important role than push factors causing migration. He also acknowledged that the most important factor motivating people to migrate is a desire to improve their lives rather than away from disappointed original. Then in terms of studying the causes of population mobility, the most important macro-collection theory in demography is the push-pull theory. The first to put forward this theory is D.J.Bagne, He believed that both the outflow and inflow land have both tension and thrust, and at the same time supplement the third factor: the intermediate obstacle factor. The intermediate obstacles mainly include the distance, the material barriers, the difference in language and culture, and the value judgment of the immigrants on these factors. Population mobility is the result of a combination of these three factors. 5 Everett Lee make more definitions to push factors. Lee proposed the impact factors which is intervening obstacles have on the migration process. 6 Factors such as distance, physical and political barriers, also influenced the willing of original migration . Lee emphasized that the migration causing factors diversified as age, gender, and social class respond to people push-pull factors of migration. Furthermore, personal factors such as school education, family and friend connection that also the factors involved. The rapid change in the globalization and science technology fast innovation caused no more clear employment prospects for graduates in most disciplines , 7 and apparently trying to pursuit well-to-do life, selfrealization and being demanded are common for everyone . 8 Globalization is primarily manifested in the possibility of educational mobility , and diversified learning and competition are the key to success in globalization. 9 According Mazzarol research indicated that there were six "pull" factors have been found to influence student selection of a host country . The first is pursuit better quality educationand knowledge, second is the outflow destination decision influenced by parents and relatives recommended. Third is expect lower tuition fees in the host education, forth is expect lower travel costs. Fifth is expect lower cost of living, and last is expect to have more job opportunities in the host. Obviously those pullfactors just as Ravenstein proposed that more practical and positive to graduates. 10
doi:10.30845/ijhss.v10n4a14 fatcat:ztey64rktzf4hofh2xbv6zxz4q