Prevalence of HCV infection and associated factors among illicit drug users in Breves, State of Pará, northern Brazil

Suzy Danielly Barbosa Pacheco, Gláucia Caroline Silva-Oliveira, Luciana Maria Cunha Maradei-Pereira, José Ângelo Barletta Crescente, José Alexandre Rodrigues de Lemos, Aldemir Branco de Oliveira-Filho
2014 Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical  
Illicit drug users (DUs) are vulnerable to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The shared use of illicit drugs is the main method of HCV transmission. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Breves, in northern Brazil. We surveyed 187 DUs to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with HCV infection. Results: The prevalence of anti-HCV antibodies was 36.9%, and the prevalence of hepatitis C virus-ribonucleic acid (HCV-RNA) was 31%. Hepatitis C virus infection was associated
more » ... ith tattoos, intravenous drug use, shared use of equipment for drug use, drug use for longer than 3 years, and daily drug use. Conclusions: Strategies for preventing and controlling HCV transmission should be implemented among DUs.
doi:10.1590/0037-8682-0153-2013 pmid:24728470 fatcat:eptgcb7itnegdjppu3favfenny