SiNC: Saliency-injected neural codes for representation and efficient retrieval of medical radiographs

Jamil Ahmad, Muhammad Sajjad, Irfan Mehmood, Sung Wook Baik, Gayle E. Woloschak
2017 PLoS ONE  
Medical image collections contain a wealth of information which can assist radiologists and medical experts in diagnosis and disease detection for making well-informed decisions. However, this objective can only be realized if efficient access is provided to semantically relevant cases from the ever-growing medical image repositories. In this paper, we present an efficient method for representing medical images by incorporating visual saliency and deep features obtained from a fine-tuned
more » ... tional neural network (CNN) pre-trained on natural images. Saliency detector is employed to automatically identify regions of interest like tumors, fractures, and calcified spots in images prior to feature extraction. Neuronal activation features termed as neural codes from different CNN layers are comprehensively studied to identify most appropriate features for representing radiographs. This study revealed that neural codes from the last fully connected layer of the fine-tuned CNN are found to be the most suitable for representing medical images. The neural codes extracted from the entire image and salient part of the image are fused to obtain the saliency-injected neural codes (SiNC) descriptor which is used for indexing and retrieval. Finally, locality sensitive hashing techniques are applied on the SiNC descriptor to acquire short binary codes for allowing efficient retrieval in large scale image collections. Comprehensive experimental evaluations on the radiology images dataset reveal that the proposed framework achieves high retrieval accuracy and efficiency for scalable image retrieval applications and compares favorably with existing approaches. OPEN ACCESS Citation: Ahmad J, Sajjad M, Mehmood I, Baik SW (2017) SiNC: Saliency-injected neural codes for representation and efficient retrieval of medical radiographs. PLoS ONE 12(8): e0181707. https://
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0181707 pmid:28771497 pmcid:PMC5542646 fatcat:vseqnumxhncafpz2gmpneb6opi