The assessment of selected parameters of bioelectric and mechanical activity of the uterus during pharmacologic treatment of threatening preterm delivery

Marek Tomialowicz, Mariusz Zimmer, Tomasz Fuchs, Adam Matonia
2021 Ginekologia Polska  
To analyze and compare the bioelectric and mechanical activity of the uterus in pregnant women with threatening preterm delivery treated with tocolysis. Additionally, auxiliary parameters of the bioelectric signal, as registered by electrohysterography and characteristic only for this method, were measured and analyzed. Forty-five women with pregnancies from 24 to 36 weeks of gestation with typical clinical symptoms of threatening preterm delivery were given tocolytic therapy. Registration and
more » ... nalysis of bioelectric activity with electrohysterography was performed simultaneously with registration and analysis of mechanical activity with tocography. After administration of tocolytic treatment, the presence of bioelectric activity was accompanied by the lack of or minimal occurrence of mechanical activity. All parameters of contraction recorded by electrohysterography had significantly greater values than those recorded by tocography. Measurement of bioelectric activity is more sensitive than measurement of mechanical activity of the uterus. Elevated bioelectric activity of the uterine muscle was observed despite the use of tocolysis, a lack of symptoms of threatening preterm delivery, as well as a lack of contraction in tocography. The presence of bioelectric activity may precede the occurrence of mechanical activity of the uterus, but further research is required on larger groups of patients.
doi:10.5603/gp.a2021.0025 pmid:33757150 fatcat:luym6r2qa5b3bjktxspugzua74