Transductive hyperspectral image classification: toward integrating spectral and relational features via an iterative ensemble system
Remotely sensed hyperspectral image classification is a very challenging task due to the spatial correlation of the spectral signature and the high cost of true sample labeling. In light of this, the collective inference paradigm allows us to manage the spatial correlation between spectral responses of neighboring pixels, as interacting pixels are labeled simultaneously. The transductive inference paradigm allows us to reduce the inference error for the given set of unlabeled data, as sparsely
... abeled pixels are learned by accounting for both labeled and unlabeled information. In this paper, both these paradigms contribute to the definition of a spectral-relational classification methodology for imagery data. We propose a novel algorithm to assign a class to each pixel of a sparsely labeled hyperspectral image. It integrates the spectral information and the spatial correlation through an ensemble system. For every pixel of a hyperspectral image, spatial neighborhoods are constructed and used to build application-specific relational features. Classification is performed with an ensemble comprising a classifier learned by considering the available spectral information (associated with the pixel) and the classifiers learned by considering the extracted spatio-relational information (associated with the spatial neighborhoods). The more reliable labels predicted by the importance of the spectral-relational strategy for the accurate transductive classification of hyperspectral images and they validate the proposed algorithm.