Burning mouth syndrome: An update

P. Lopez-Jornet, F. Camacho-Alonso, P. Andujar-Mateos, M. Sanchez-Siles, F. Gomez-Garcia
2010 Medicina Oral  
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) refers to chronic orofacial pain, unaccompanied by mucosal lesions or other evident clinical signs. It is observed principally in middle-aged patients and postmenopausal women. BMS is characterized by an intense burning or stinging sensation, preferably on the tongue or in other areas of the oral mucosa. It can be accompanied by other sensory disorders such as dry mouth or taste alterations. Probably of multifactorial origin, and often idiopathic, with a still
more » ... n etiopathogenesis in which local, systemic and psychological factors are implicated. Currently there is no consensus on the diagnosis and classification of BMS. This study reviews the literature on this syndrome, with special reference to the etiological factors that may be involved and the clinical aspects they present. The diagnostic criteria that should be followed and the therapeutic management are discussed with reference to the most recent studies.
doi:10.4317/medoral.15.e562 fatcat:4scukiojcncr5lxaukceetgkgi