Forearm P-31 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Studies in Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy
Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences
ABSTRACT:Five siblings with autosomal dominant oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) underwent P-31 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy studies of forearm flexor muscles. Mean values of PCr/(PCr + Pi) in the patients were reduced (p = 0.01) and pH elevated (p = 0.02) in resting muscle when compared to controls. During exercise PCr/(PCr + Pi) fell quickly to values less than controls (p < 0.0001) despite submaximal exercise output and developed exercise-induced acidosis which exceeded
... s which exceeded that of controls (p = 0.05). Acidosis recovered slowly despite relatively normal recovery of PCr/(PCr + Pi) following exercise. Within the patient group, however, one member had normal resting, exercise and recovery values. The studies suggest that OPMD is a more widespread disorder of striated muscle than clinically appreciated. The pattern of findings observed in OPMD differs from those identified in denervation, disuse and mitochondrial myopathy.