Investigation of myopia and influencing factors in primary and secondary school students in Shashi district, Jingzhou city, Hubei Province

Shu-Qiong Hu, Hui-Yu Jin, Jing-Hua Zhao, Yuan Long
2020 Guoji Yanke Zazhi  
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of myopia and its impacting factors among adolescents in schools of Shashi district, Jingzhou city in 2017, and to provide a scientific basis for prevention and control of myopia.METHODS: Totally 10 353 primary and secondary school students aged 7 to 18 were selected through the method of cluster stratified sampling in the central area and rural-urban area of Shashi. The number of students with myopia was 5 456, and the prevalence rate was 52.70%. A total of
more » ... 353 on-site questionnaires were collected. Logistic regression analysis was conducted for related factors. RESULTS: The subjects of this survey were 8 primary and secondary schools in the central area and 6 primary and secondary schools in suburban area. The prevalence of myopia was 60.34% in the central area and 11.43% in rural-urban area(P<0.01). Outdoor activities and correct reading and writing gesture are preventive factors for myopia. Three risk factors for myopia include age, time spent on electronic devices and continuous working hours after class. CONCLUSION: The myopia rate of primary and secondary school students in Shashi district of Jingzhou city is at a high level, especially in the downtown area. To prevent and reduce the occurrence of adolescent myopia, schools and families should make joint efforts to increase time of outdoor activities, and improve the eye environment for adolescent.
doi:10.3980/j.issn.1672-5123.2020.5.43 doaj:ecef6cadb2f24d2e89bfe49bbe2c2c96 fatcat:sx5cuk526ffsddnchhm2egn4uq