Experimental analysis of the effect of magnesium saltwater influx on the behaviour of drilling fluids

Olufemi A. Adekomaya
2012 Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology  
This paper presents an experimental analysis of drilling fluid at elevated temperatures with and without magnesium saltwater influx in order to determine how these fluids behave when encountering the influx of salinity formation water. Salt contamination can come from drilling salt beds, or from a formation water influx. Salt water which contains magnesium chloride was added systematically to the formulated mud systems in order to evaluate its effects on the drilling fluid at elevated
more » ... elevated temperature conditions. It was observed that rheological changes in drilling fluids due to influx of magnesium salts have many effects on the degree of efficiency at which the drilling fluid performs its primary functions. From the analysis, it was observed that small quantities of magnesium saltwater can be removed with caustic soda but the large quantities are detrimental to rheological properties of drilling muds used in Niger formation. Keywords Drilling fluid Á Saltwater Á Weighting agent Á Temperature Abbreviations OBM Oil-based mud HT-HP High temperature high pressure ES Electrical stability (volts) YP Yield point (lb/100 sq. ft) WBM Water-based mud
doi:10.1007/s13202-012-0046-6 fatcat:sqgjdefffjdrphxj7eivelxjoa