Pathological Changes in Gut and Liver Due to Dietary Inclusion of Betaine and Chromium Pico Linate in Nile Tilapia Fish
Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture Development
A complementary study was conducted to investigate histomorphometric changesin gut and liver due todietary supplementation of betaine and chromiumpicolinate (Cr-Pic) or blend of them in Nile tilapia. Fish were divided into four groups; first group was fed a Cr-Pic or betaine free basal diet, other three groups were fed on basal diet supplemented with 800 μ g/kg Cr-Pic, 10 g/kg of betaine and betaine+Cr-Pic (10 g/kg of betaine and 800 μg Cr-Pic). Morphometric measurements made in the intestine
... in the intestine included counting numbers of Goblet Cells (GCs), Eosinophilic Granulocytes (EGs) and IntraEpithelial Lymphocytes (IEL), villous height, height of the enterocytes (EH) and thickness of muscular coat. Histomorphometric analysis showed that betaine increased number of GCs and IEL. Cr-Pic increased number of GCs, EGs andthickness of muscular coat.Betaine+Cr-Pic increased number of EGs, length of EH, villous height, perimeter and area, thickness of muscular coatand decreased Hepatocytes/Nuclear (H/N) ratio. We concluded that the dietary inclusion of both betaine and Cr-Pic was beneficial for liver and gut health in Nile tilapia.