Molecular tools for phytoplankton monitoring samples [article]

Barbara Frazao, Alexandra Silva
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
HABs can have severe impacts in fisheries or human health by the consumption of contaminated bivalves. Monitoring assessment (quantitative and qualitative identification) of these organisms, is routinely accomplished by microscopic identification and counting of these organisms. Nonetheless, molecular biology techniques are gaining relevance, once these approaches can easily identify phytoplankton organisms at species level and even cell number quantifications. This work tests 12 methods/kits
more » ... r genomic DNA extraction and seven DNA polymerases to determine which is the best method for routinely use in a common molecular laboratory, for phytoplankton monitoring samples analyses. From our work, Direct PCR master mix for tissue samples, proved to be the most adequate by its velocity of processivity, practicability, reproducibility, sensitiveness and robustness. However, brands such as Omega Biotek, GRISP, Qiagen and MP Biomedicals also showed good results for conventional DNA extraction as well as all the Taq brands tested (GRISP, GE Healthcare Life Sciences, ThermoFisher Scientific and Promega). Lugols solution, with our tested kits did not show negative interference in DNA amplification. The same can be said about mechanical digestion, with no significant differences among kits with or without this homogenization step.
doi:10.1101/339655 fatcat:qgsje4pbnfe73ehld3iwpxcotq