From Being a Trainee to Being a Trainer: Helping Peers Improve their Public Speaking Skills // De ser entrenado a ser entrenador: cómo ayudar a otros iguales en la mejora de las competencias para hablar en público

Luis J. García-López, M. Belén Díez-Bedmar, Jose M. Almansa-Moreno
2013 Revista de Psicodidactica  
Although public speaking anxiety is present at all educational stages, the university period is critical since the students' lack of oral communication skills may prevent them from accomplishing their educational goals. To improve this situation, a two-fold objective was pursued in this study. First, to examine the effects of a 3-hour public speaking training workshop for Psychology undergraduates. Second, to test if these students could effectively train other undergraduates to use public
more » ... to use public speaking skills and reduce their anxiety by using a collaborative methodology and peer tutoring. The findings prove that the training of Psychology students resulted in their peers' improvement of their oral communication skills and reduction of their speech anxiety. Both groups of students benefited from the study: Psychology students had the opportunity to improve their communication skills and gained practical experience, and the other undergraduates received a free, personalized and successful workshop which improved their communication skills and reduced their anxiety levels. De ser entrenado a ser entrenador: cómo ayudar a otros iguales en la mejora de las competencias para hablar en público Luis J. García-López, M. Belén Díez-Bedmar, y José M. Almansa-Moreno Universidad de Jaén (España) Resumen Aunque el miedo a hablar en público está presente en todas las etapas educativas, el periodo universitario es crítico porque la falta de habilidades de comunicación oral puede impedir al alumnado conseguir sus metas. Para mejorar esta situación, nuestro estudio tuvo dos objetivos. En primer lugar, examinar la eficacia de un seminario sobre el entrenamiento en habilidades para hablar en público dirigido a estudiantes de Psicopedagogía. En segundo lugar, evaluar si estos estudiantes podían entrenar de manera efectiva a otros iguales en el uso de estas habilidades y, a su vez, reducir niveles de ansiedad, todo ello a través de una metodología de aprendizaje colaborativo por pares. Los resultados del estudio demostraron que el alumnado de Psicopedagogía mejoró sus habilidades para hablar en público y obtuvo experiencia práctica, mientras que los otros estudiantes recibieron un taller gratuito y personalizado que les permitió desarrollar habilidades de comunicación oral y reducir su ansiedad. Palabras clave: Ansiedad, habilidades de comunicación, hablar en público, iguales, metodología colaborativa. Abstract Although public speaking anxiety is present at all educational stages, the university period is critical since the students' lack of oral communication skills may prevent them from accomplishing their educational goals. To improve this situation, a two-fold objective was pursued in this study. First, to examine the effects of a 3-hour public speaking training workshop for Psychology undergraduates. Second, to test if these students could effectively train other undergraduates to use public speaking skills and reduce their anxiety by using a collaborative methodology and peer tutoring. The findings prove that the training of Psychology students resulted in their peers' improvement of their oral communication skills and reduction of their speech anxiety. Both groups of students benefited from the study: Psychology students had the opportunity to improve their communication skills and gained practical experience, and the other undergraduates received a free, personalized and successful workshop which improved their communication skills and reduced their anxiety levels.
doi:10.1387/revpsicodidact.6419 fatcat:s4p4yhentrhorepa2ezjx3xe3m