The LowMrProtein-tyrosine Phosphatase Is Involved in Rho-mediated Cytoskeleton Rearrangement after Integrin and Platelet-derived Growth Factor Stimulation
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The low molecular weight protein-tyrosine phosphatase (LMW-PTP) is an enzyme that is involved in the early events of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor signal transduction. In fact, LMW-PTP is able to specifically bind and dephosphorylate activated PDGF receptor, thus modulating PDGF-induced mitogenesis. In particular, LMW-PTP is involved in pathways that regulate the transcription of the immediately early genes myc and fos in response to growth factor stimulation. Recently, we have
... . Recently, we have found that LMW-PTP exists constitutively in cytosolic and cytoskeleton-associated localization and that, after PDGF stimulation, c-Src is able to bind and phosphorylate LMW-PTP only in the cytoskeleton-associated fraction. As a consequence of its phosphorylation, LMW-PTP increases its catalytic activity about 20-fold. In this study, our interest was to investigate the role of LMW-PTP phosphorylation in cellular response to PDGF stimulation. To address this issue, we have transfected in NIH-3T3 cells a mutant form of LMW-PTP in which the c-Src phosphorylation sites (Tyr 131 and Tyr 132 ) were mutated to alanine. We have established that LMW-PTP phosphorylation by c-Src after PDGF treatment strongly influences both cell adhesion and migration. In addition, we have discovered a new LMW-PTP substrate localized in the cytoskeleton that becomes tyrosine-phosphorylated after PDGF treatment: p190Rho-GAP. Hence, LMW-PTP plays multiple roles in PDGF receptor-mediated mitogenesis, since it can bind and dephosphorylate PDGF receptor, and, at the same time, the cytoskeleton-associated LMW-PTP, through the regulation of the p190Rho-GAP phosphorylation state, controls the cytoskeleton rearrangement in response to PDGF stimulation. Many cellular processes such as cell migration, adhesion, and proliferation require the collaborative interaction between growth factors and extracellular matrix (ECM) 1 stimuli (1-3).