Newborn screening in China: phenylketonuria, congenital hypothyroidism and expanded screening
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
This study was to investigate the current status of neonatal screening in China, to further clarify the incidences of hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) and congenital hypothyroidism (CH). From 2000 to 2007, a total of 17,961,826 newborns had been screened for HPA and 1527 cases were detected, giving a HPA prevalence of 1:11,763. At the same time, 18,284,745 newborns had also been tested for CH, with 8918 cases being detected (1:2050). It is remarkable that the mean number of newborns screened per
... ns screened per year had increased 5 times between 2000 and 2007. In Shanghai, 116,000 newborns were screened using tandem mass spectrometry and 6 different were detected. The overall prevalence of an inborn errors of metabolism identified was 1 in 5800 healthy newborns, with hyperphenylalaninemia being the most common. Neonatal screening had developed rapidly in China in recent years, and a pilot study using tandem mass spectrometry has been started. The biggest challenge is still to increase coverage to the entire country, especially in the mid-western area.