Measuring Prosocial Behaviors: Psychometric Properties and Cross-National Validation of the Prosociality Scale in Five Countries

Bernadette Paula Luengo Kanacri, Nancy Eisenberg, Carlo Tramontano, Antonio Zuffiano, Maria Giovanna Caprara, Evangelina Regner, Liqi Zhu, Concetta Pastorelli, Gian Vittorio Caprara
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
This research investigated the psychometric properties of the Prosociality Scale and its cross-cultural validation and generalizability across five different western and non-western countries (China, Chile, Italy, Spain, and the United States). The scale was designed to measure individual differences in a global tendency to behave in prosocial ways during late adolescence and adulthood. Study 1 was designed to identify the best factorial structure of the Prosociality Scale and Study 2 tested
more » ... model's equivalence across five countries (N = 1,630 young adults coming from China, Chile, Italy, Spain and the United States; general Mage = 21.34; SD = 3.34). Findings supported a bifactor model in which prosocial responding was characterized by a general latent factor (i.e., prosociality) and two other specific factors (prosocial actions and prosocial feelings). New evidence of construct validity of the Prosociality Scale was provided.
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.693174 fatcat:5katfmi6rvfhzc6mvjtmruuy2i