Examination of potential novel biochemical factors in relation to prostate cancer incidence and mortality in UK Biobank

Aurora Perez-Cornago, Georgina K. Fensom, Colm Andrews, Eleanor L. Watts, Naomi E. Allen, Richard M. Martin, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Timothy J. Key, Ruth C. Travis
2020 British Journal of Cancer  
Background Although prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer death, its aetiology is not well understood. We aimed to identify novel biochemical factors for prostate cancer incidence and mortality in UK Biobank. Methods A range of cardiovascular, bone, joint, diabetes, renal and liver-related biomarkers were measured in baseline blood samples collected from up to 211,754 men at recruitment and in a subsample 5 years later. Participants were followed-up via linkage to health administrative
more » ... tasets to identify prostate cancer cases. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using multivariable-adjusted Cox regression corrected for regression dilution bias. Multiple testing was accounted for by using a false discovery rate controlling procedure. Results After an average follow-up of 6.9 years, 5763 prostate cancer cases and 331 prostate cancer deaths were ascertained. Prostate cancer incidence was positively associated with circulating vitamin D, urea and phosphate concentrations and inversely associated with glucose, total protein and aspartate aminotransferase. Phosphate and cystatin-C were the only biomarkers positively and inversely, respectively, associated with risk in analyses excluding the first 4 years of follow-up. There was little evidence of associations with prostate cancer death. Conclusion We found novel associations of several biomarkers with prostate cancer incidence. Future research will examine associations by tumour characteristics.
doi:10.1038/s41416-020-01081-3 pmid:32963348 fatcat:xfxa5s6euzfermlwz2mhed5gz4