Localization of rat CLC-K2 chloride channel mRNA in the kidney
AJP - Renal Physiology
Localization of rat CLC-K2 chloride channel mRNA in the kidney. Am. J. Physiol. 276 (Renal Physiol. 45): F552-F558, 1999.-To gain insight into the physiological role of a kidney-specific chloride channel, CLC-K2, the exact intrarenal localization was determined by in situ hybridization. In contrast to the inner medullary localization of CLC-K1, the signal of CLC-K2 in our in situ hybridization study was highly evident in the superficial cortex, moderate in the outer medulla, and absent in the
... ner medulla. To identify the nephron segments where CLC-K2 mRNA was expressed, we performed in situ hybridization of CLC-K2 and immunohistochemistry of marker proteins (Na ϩ / Ca 2ϩ exchanger, Na ϩ -Cl Ϫ cotransporter, aquaporin-2 water channel, and Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein) in sequential sections of a rat kidney. Among the tubules of the superficial cortex, CLC-K2 mRNA was highly expressed in the distal convoluted tubules, connecting tubules, and cortical collecting ducts. The expression of CLC-K2 in the outer and inner medullary collecting ducts was almost absent. In contrast, a moderate signal of CLC-K2 mRNA was observed in the medullary thick ascending limb of Henle's loop, but the signal in the cortical thick ascending limb of Henle's loop was low. These results clearly demonstrated that CLC-K2 was not colocalized with CLC-K1 and that its localization along the nephron segments was relatively broad compared with that of CLC-K1.