Ceramic Stationary Gas Turbine Development

Mark van Roode, William D. Brentnall, Paul F. Norton, Gregory P. Pytanowski
1993 Volume 3B: General   unpublished
A program has been initiated under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Industrial Technology, to improve the performance of stationary gas turbines in cogeneration through the selective replacement of metallic hot section parts with uncooled ceramic components. It is envisioned that the successful demonstration of ceramic gas turbine technology, and the systematic incorporation of ceramics in existing and future gas turbines will enable more efficient engine operation,
more » ... esulting in significant fuel savings, increased output power, and reduced emissions. The program which started in September, 1992, takes an engine of the Solar Centaur family of industrial gas turbines, and modifies the design of the hot section to accept ceramic first stage blades and first stage nozzles, and a ceramic combustor liner. The ceramic materials selected for the blade are silicon nitride, for the nozzle silicon nitride and silicon carbide, and for the combustor liner silicon carbide as well as two continuous fiber reinforced ceramic composites, one with a silicon carbide matrix and another with an oxide matrix. This paper outlines the approach, conceptual component design, and materials selection for the program.
doi:10.1115/93-gt-309 fatcat:5xvfcks4vrdcdnx27vfqtobk74