Predicting Workflow Task Execution Time in the Cloud using A Two-Stage Machine Learning Approach
IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing
Many techniques such as scheduling and resource provisioning rely on performance prediction of workflow tasks for varying input data. However, such estimates are difficult to generate in the cloud. This paper introduces a novel two-stage machine learning approach for predicting workflow task execution times for varying input data in the cloud. In order to achieve high accuracy predictions, our approach relies on parameters reflecting runtime information and two stages of predictions. Empirical
... ictions. Empirical results for four real world workflow applications and several commercial cloud providers demonstrate that our approach outperforms existing prediction methods. In our experiments, our approach respectively achieves a best-case and worst-case estimation error of 1.6 and 12.2 percent, while existing methods achieved errors beyond 20 percent (for some cases even over 50 percent) in more than 75 percent of the evaluated workflow tasks. In addition, we show that the models predicted by our approach for a specific cloud can be ported with low effort to new clouds with low errors by requiring only a small number of executions.