A robust ex vivo system to study cellular dynamics underlying mouse peri-implantation development [article]

Takafumi Ichikawa, Hui Ting Zhang, Laura Panavaite, Anna Erzberger, Dimitri Fabrèges, Rene Snajder, Adrian Wolny, Ekaterina Korotkevich, Nobuko Tsuchida Straeten, Lars Hufnagel, Anna Kreshuk, Takashi Hiiragi
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Upon implantation, mammalian embryos undergo major morphogenesis and key developmental processes such as body axis specification and gastrulation. However, limited accessibility obscures study of these crucial processes. Here, we develop an ex vivo Matrigel-collagen-based culture to recapitulate mouse development from E4.5 to 6.0. Our system not only recapitulates embryonic growth, axis initiation, and overall 3D architecture in 49% of cases, its compatibility with light-sheet microscopy
more » ... study of cellular dynamics through automatic cell segmentation. We find that upon implantation, release of the increasing tension in the polar trophectoderm is necessary for its constriction and invagination. The resulting extra-embryonic ectoderm plays a key role in growth, morphogenesis and patterning of the neighboring epiblast, which subsequently gives rise to all embryonic tissues. This 3D-ex vivo system thus offers an unprecedented access to peri-implantation development for in toto monitoring, measurement and spatio-temporally controlled perturbation, revealing a mechano-chemical interplay between extra-embryonic and embryonic tissues.
doi:10.1101/2021.08.22.457265 fatcat:kcis7fvsnfb43eomy3xflnhofm