Title: Assessment of educational needs of mothers whose children suffer from asthma and providing a proper educational pamphlet Gilan
and Aim: Asthma is a common and non contagious disease that causes many problems from infancy to adulthood hoariness. Between 100 to 150 million people throughout the world suffer from asthma. In our country its prevalence is 10 to 15 percent of children. However with resolving the educational needs of mothers, its symptoms will be controlled by using medications and the child will grow up normally. On the other hand as nurses are the most important persons who direct the patients to personal
... ients to personal independency through determining mother ' s educational needs and programs. Therefore, this study was carried out to assess educational needs of mothers whose children suffer from asthma. Materials and Methods: This research was a descriptive study in which 250 mothers referring to the hospitals of Gilan University of medical science were chosen as the sample. The data collection tool was a questionnaire with 5 sections: included demographic specifications of the study units, questions about the etiology and predisposing factors, symptoms and signs, complications and taking care and prevention of childhood Asthma. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data. Chi-square test was used to determine the relation between variables. Results: The results of research showed that mothers' educational needs were 15.2% about the etiology and predisposing factor of childhood Asthma, 41.2% "about childhood Asthma complications" and 54% "about taking care and preventions of childhood Asthma". Also there were a significant relation between educational needs and factors such as: The level of mother's and father's literacy, number the family members, place of living, having information about childhood Asthma (P=0.000, P=0.000, P=0.002, P=0.096, P=0.000). Conclusion: According to the results, mothers needed to teach about causes, signs, complications, taking care and prevention in children with asthma .Teaching can prevent many problems ,so training classes in health houses and inviting mothers for participation will help them to increase the knowledge and skills in taking care of their children.