Infection in knee replacements after previous injection of intra-articular steroid

A. V. Papavasiliou, D. L. Isaac, R. Marimuthu, A. Skyrme, A. Armitage
2006 Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery  
We reviewed 231 patients who had undergone total knee replacement with an AGC (Biomet) implant over a period of 2.5 years. After applying exclusion criteria and with some loss to follow-up, there were 144 patients available for study. These were divided into two groups; those who had received intra-articular steroid in the 11 months before surgery and those who had not. There were three deep infections, all of which occurred in patients who had received a steroid injection. The incidence of
more » ... he incidence of superficial infection was not significantly different in the two groups. Five patients had undergone investigation for suspected deep infection because of persistent swelling or pain and all of these had received an intra-articular injection pre-operatively. We conclude that the decision to administer intra-articular steroids to a patient who may be a candidate for total knee replacement should not be taken lightly because of a risk of post-operative deep infection.
doi:10.1302/0301-620x.88b3.17136 pmid:16498004 fatcat:q5jgdf2uq5a7fegmshhfmpswxa