Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
The recent BICEP2 detection of, what is claimed to be primordial B-modes, opens up the possibility of constraining not only the energy scale of inflation but also the detailed acceleration history that occurred during inflation. In turn this can be used to determine the shape of the inflaton potential V(ϕ) for the first time - if a single, scalar inflaton is assumed to be driving the acceleration. We carry out a Monte Carlo exploration of inflationary trajectories given the current data. Using
... his method we obtain a posterior distribution of possible acceleration profiles ϵ(N) as a function of e-fold N and derived posterior distributions of the primordial power spectrum P(k) and potential V(ϕ). We find that the BICEP2 result, in combination with Planck measurements of total intensity Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropies, induces a significant feature in the scalar primordial spectrum at scales k∼ 10^-3 Mpc^-1. This is in agreement with a previous detection of a suppression in the scalar power.