Hızır bin Abdullah'ın Kitab'ü-l Edvar'ında Müzik ve Kozmogoni

2021 Turkish Studies - Language and Literature  
Turkish 16(4) alongside directions about performance are presented as modules of information which one may classify mainly as a mythological approach to the transfer of information yet when the episteme of the era is considered, should be interpreted as common sense and in many ways a concrete reality. This disposition, although accumulated under certain sections, the main inclination is present in the work as a whole thus endowing it with a discourse that is uniform throughout. In order to
more » ... ire a deeper insight of Hızır bin Abdullah's written expression, it becomes clear that it is necessary to isolate and tabularize the idea mapping scattered through the manuscript. The general episteme of the era will become clear once the outcome achieved by this means is compared with the information and knowledge of the ancient civilizations alike. The assessment derived from the format of written expression will also grant an efficient way to position the work both historically and geographically. This essay studies the expressions in Kitab'ü-l Edvar while interpreting its text using a rationale that will be based on a triangular foundation of theories and concepts, namely, cosmogony, functionalism and episteme. The presence of simple yet modern scientific terms in Kitab'ü-l Edvar may deem it possible to use cosmology as the basis yet taking into consideration that the cosmos model of the era was tightly associated with the theological ideology, it becomes a necessity to utilize cosmogony in its stead. The reasoning behind this choice is that cosmology, although concerned with the origin of the universe, expands its area of scientific study into the evolution and the future of it. Yet cosmogony concerns itself with a partially restrictive area of the universe where the origin is also the main concern, but the knowledge is derived from the systematic observations which may be accumulated from the already available information that may be present at any given timeframe. A cosmogonic worldview was derived from the celestial observations practiced in the period prior to and during in which Kitab'ü-l Edvar was penned and the mode of knowledge in this worldview was deemed sufficient to build a theory of music. Though as concrete as it can be, considering the foundation it was structured upon, it remains as a cosmogonically inclined text attained through observation. The wording in Kitab'ü-l Edvar directs the reader both to the episteme of the civilizations which came before itself yet establishes a baseline -and a strong one at that-to hand some evidences out about its contemporary counterpart. By analyzing the text, it is possible to clarify the aforementioned mode of knowledge, thus discussing how far the information retrojects on a historical scale and whether it is consistent with the knowledge accumulated in its period.
doi:10.7827/turkishstudies.54141 fatcat:s4veecoru5fwhn6jev6bmw4dsy