Dinamika Film Komedi Indonesia Berdasarkan Unsur Naratif (Periode 1951-2013)

Rizki Briandana, Nindyta Dwityas
2015 Jurnal Simbolika   unpublished
Abstrak Dari sudut pandang praktisi perfilman di Indonesia, film komedi dipercaya dapat menghasilkan keuntungan yang besar dan meminimalisir biaya produksi film. Pendekatan cerita komedi dapat dibagi dalam lima kategori utama yaitu, slapstick, deadpan, verbal comedy, screwball, dan black/dark comedy. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengklasifikasikan film komedi Indonesia pada tahun 1951-2013 menurut kategori tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis isi kuantitatif untuk mengkategorikan genre
more » ... tegorikan genre film per-era. Analisis terfokus pada unsur naratif dari sinopsis masing-masing film untuk melihat kategorisasi tema utama dalam keseluruhan film komedi Indonesia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jenis film verbal comedy merupakan kategori film komedi yang paling diproduksi di Indonesia, yaitu mencapai 241 judul film. Puncak kemunculannya terjadi antara tahun 1970-1979 dengan jumlah 71 judul film. Meskipun trennya mulai menurun sejak itu, verbal comedy tetap menjadi salah satu kategori film komedi yang mendominasi di setiap era perkembangan industri film Indonesia. Kata kunci: Film komedi Indonesia, verbal comedy, analisis isi Abstract From the point of view of cinema practitioners in Indonesia, comedy film is one of the main choices of producers because it can not only could generate higher profits, but also can minimize the production budget. The approach of comedy films can be divided into five main categories; slapstick, deadpan, verbal comedy, screwball, and black/dark comedy. This study aims to classify comedy films in Indonesia from year 1951 to 2013 using those categories. This research uses quantitative content analysis to categorize the films. This research looks at the synopsis of each film and is focused on the narrative element. The result shows that verbal comedy is the most widely produced type of film in Indonesia, with 241 movie titles during the time. The peak time of this type of films is between 1970 to 1979 with 71 movie titles. Although the trend began to decline since then, verbal comedy remains as the most dominating category in every era of the development of the county film industry.
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