Mathematical Description of the Groundwater Flow and that of the Impurity Spread, which Use Temporal Caputo or Riemann–Liouville Fractional Partial Derivatives, is Non-Objective

Agneta M. Balint, Stefan Balint
2020 Fractal and Fractional  
In this paper, it is shown that the mathematical description of the bulk fluid flow and that of content impurity spread, which uses temporal Caputo or temporal Riemann–Liouville fractional order partial derivatives, having integral representation on a finite interval, in the case of a horizontal unconfined aquifer is non-objective. The basic idea is that different observers using this type of description obtain different results which cannot be reconciled, in other words, transformed into each
more » ... nsformed into each other using only formulas that link the numbers representing a moment in time for two different choices from the origin of time measurement. This is not an academic curiosity; it is rather a problem to find which one of the obtained results is correct.
doi:10.3390/fractalfract4030036 fatcat:kshwyjulhfej7af4sle3jqiva4