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3D tomography of midlatitude sporadic-E in Japan from GNSS-TEC data
Earth, Planets and Space
We studied ionospheric irregularities caused by midlatitude sporadic-E (Es) in Japan using ionospheric total electron content (TEC) data from a dense GNSS array, GEONET, with a 3D (three-dimensional) tomography technique. Es is a thin layer of unusually high ionization that appears at altitudes of ~ 100 km. Here, we studied five cases of Es irregularities in 2010 and 2012, also reported in previous studies, over the Kanto and Kyushu Districts. We used slant TEC residuals as the input anddoi:10.1186/s40623-018-0815-7 fatcat:ppdvorybmjgbbanhrmvnqrasqq