Potent inhibition of biphasic tubular reabsorption of lithium by acetazolamide and foscarnet in rats
Lithium is mainly excreted into urine, and a large fraction of lithium filtered through glomeruli is reabsorbed in the proximal tubule. However, the mechanisms responsible for lithium reabsorption remain unclear. We previously reported that the reabsorption of lithium was biphasic in rats, and that foscarnet inhibited lithium reabsorption with a high affinity type. We herein evaluated the effects of acetazolamide and foscarnet on the renal excretion of lithium in rats treated with lithium
... de at 2 doses. In rats intravenously injected with a bolus of 25 mg/kg lithium chloride, acetazolamide facilitated the urinary excretion of lithium, and increased the fractional excretion of lithium from 0.446 to 0.953, near the theoretically maximum value. At a dose of 2.5 mg/kg lithium chloride, the fractional excretion of lithium was 0.241 in control rats, 0.420 in rats administered acetazolamide, and 0.976 in rats administered acetazolamide and foscarnet. These results showed the potent inhibition of lithium reabsorption by acetazolamide and foscarnet in rats. And, it was exhibited that the effects of acetazolamide on lithium reabsorption differed with the dosages of lithium administered.