Catalytic Activity of Cytochrome P-450 using NADP+ Reduced by an Anionic Hydride Organosiloxane

Jessica Mendieta-Wejebe
2008 Scientia Pharmaceutica  
Cytochrome P-450 (P450) catalyzes a wide variety of chemical reactions; however, its use for in vitro assays has several limitations, the most striking one is the use of the reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) coenzyme. In this work, the P450 activity using NADP + reduced by an anionic organosiloxane, commonly named silica hydride, was evaluated. The results showed that the reduction of NADP + with silica hydride was concentration-and time-dependent. P-450 activity was
more » ... -450 activity was maintained when NADP + and silica hydride were added during the reaction; however, it was lower than when commercial NADPH was employed. This is due to the ability of silica hydride to reduce P450 242 J. E. Mendieta-Wejebe et al.: iron atom as corroborated by the electronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Furthermore, this compound possibly chelates Fe II because, in its presence, the P450 affinity for aniline diminishes. However, the P450 activity was the best when NADP + was reduced by silica hydride before the former was added to the reaction. Therefore, this system could be apt for studying biotransformation reactions. Keywords Cytochrome P450 • Drug metabolism • Electron paramagnetic resonance • Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate • Silica hydride
doi:10.3797/scipharm.0803-01 fatcat:agx322x5wfaf7knvxzkwk6gwxm